On August 23, 1927, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were executed by electric chair in Boston, Massachusetts. The two immigrants had been convicted of a murder committed during a 1920 armed robbery. During the next seven years, the case of Sacco and Vanzetti became a global cause-célèbre, many believing that their persecution and conviction was based not on guilt, but rather on their Italian immigrant background and anarchist political convictions.
With writers like H.G. Wells and Anatole France drawing comparisons to the Dreyfus trial, the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti was widely covered in the world Yiddish press, of all political stripes. Below is the front page headline from the August 24, 1927 edition of the Warsaw Yiddish newspaper Haynt:
Death sentence carried out on Sacco and Vanzetti — Sacco died with the words: ‘Long live Anarchy! Long live my mother!’ — Vanzetti’s last words were: ‘I am innocent. I forgive everyone!’ — Bloody unrest in America — Attack on the palace of the League of Nations’ Congress of National Minorities