Memoirist of Jewish Galicia

Hinde Bergner

 

Hinde Bergner was born on October 10, 1870 in Radymno, Galicia in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bergner’s posthumous memoir gives an unparalleled portrait of a Jewish woman’s life at the dawn of modernity. Her sons published her memoir as a monument to her and the world she described.

Bergner was one of six children born to the Rosenblatt family in the Galician market town of Radymno (Redem, in Yiddish). Her memoir explicitly describes the tensions in the wake of modernization and secularization in her childhood shtetl.

Bergner was also the mother to three sons, each of whom pursued a life in the arts. Her oldest son Moyshe (Harari), was a promising painter in Palestine before his suicide, her second Zekharye became the famed Yiddish poet, Melekh Ravitch, and her youngest became the Australian Yiddish prosaist Herz Bergner. including Yiddish poet Melech Ravitch, Australian Yiddish prose writer Herz Bergner, and grandmother of the esteemed artist Yosl Bergner.

Bergner and her husband Efraim, whom she married in 1891, lived nearly their entire lives in Radymno. During World War I, when they were evacuating the front, they lived in Vienna for a few years before moving back. Trying to flee the Nazi onslaught into the Soviet Union, Bergner was deported by the Germans in 1942 and is believed to have been murdered in Bełżec.